Acne is a human skin disease caused as a result of excess sebum production or poor hygiene. Normally, people with oily skin or adolescents going through puberty are affected by acne, but in some extreme cases adults can suffer from it too. Acne can appear in the form of pustules, pimples or dark spots on the face, neck, back and arms. But what causes acne and can it be prevented or successfully treated? Acne occurs when a larger quantity of sebum gathers in the pores and hair follicles and blocks the pores, thus capturing dirt. The pores get infected and the sebum or the ingrown hairs struggle to reach the surface of the skin, sometimes creating pus.
If you are curious about what causes acne in puberty, it is in fact an excess of testosterone, which occurs in boys and girls alike. In most cases, the affliction will go away by the age of 25, but in extreme cases it lasts throughout adulthood as well. Acne vulgaris, as it is medically termed, can also take a graver form as cystic acne, which presents itself in the form of painful nodules and cysts which mostly affect areas like armpits, groin and buttocks, acting deeper in the skin than normal acne.
When learning about what causes acne it is important to know that this is a serious and critical affliction because it can also have psychological effects. Especially because it mainly develops in teenagers, acne can lead to lowered self-esteem, depression and even suicide for some. But there are many more causes for acne, like hormonal imbalance, genetic predisposition, psychological issues or poor diet. Acne is so common in adolescence and puberty because it is mainly caused by hormonal imbalance, which is why adolescents are prone to it. Menstruation cycles can also cause acne or pimples. The causes can also be genetic, which means you will inherit it from your parents, or whichever relative suffers from acne.
If you already have sensitive and pimply skin, heightened levels of stress or depression can cause a rise in acne presence, though this has not been scientifically proven. Diet is also cause for acne sometimes, especially if you have a high intake of glycemic loads. Fortunately, there are many remedies for acne, starting with powerful treatments, creams, ointments and medications you can get from a specialist and up to home made treatments like facial masks that involve the use of fruits, cereals and yogurts.